Robert S. McNamara, Architect of a Futile War, Dies at 93 | NEW YORK TIMES | JUL 6, 2009

Robert S. McNamara, the forceful and cerebral defense secretary who helped lead the nation into the maelstrom of Vietnam and spent the rest of his life wrestling with the war’s moral consequences, died Monday at his home in Washington. He was 93.

His wife, Diana, said Mr. McNamara died in his sleep at 5:30 a.m., adding that he had been in failing health for some time.

Mr. McNamara was the most influential defense secretary of the 20th century. Serving Presidents John F. Kennedy and Lyndon B. Johnson from 1961 to 1968, he oversaw hundreds of military missions, thousands of nuclear weapons and billions of dollars in military spending and foreign arms sales. He also enlarged the defense secretary’s role, handling foreign diplomacy and the dispatch of troops to enforce civil rights in the South.

“He’s like a jackhammer,” Johnson said. “No human being can take what he takes. He drives too hard. He is too perfect.”

As early as April 1964, Senator Wayne Morse, Democrat of Oregon, called Vietnam “McNamara’s War.” Mr. McNamara did not object. “I am pleased to be identified with it,” he said, “and do whatever I can to win it.”

Half a million American soldiers went to war on his watch. More than 16,000 died; 42,000 more would fall in the seven years to come.

The war became his personal nightmare. Nothing he did, none of the tools at his command — the power of American weapons, the forces of technology and logic, or the strength of American soldiers — could stop the armies of North Vietnam and their South Vietnamese allies, the Vietcong. He concluded well before leaving the Pentagon that the war was futile, but he did not share that insight with the public until late in life.

In 1995, he took a stand against his own conduct of the war, confessing in a memoir that it was “wrong, terribly wrong.” In return, he faced a firestorm of scorn.

“Mr. McNamara must not escape the lasting moral condemnation of his countrymen,” The New York Times said in a widely discussed editorial, written by the page’s editor at the time, Howell Raines. “Surely he must in every quiet and prosperous moment hear the ceaseless whispers of those poor boys in the infantry, dying in the tall grass, platoon by platoon, for no purpose. What he took from them cannot be repaid by prime-time apology and stale tears, three decades late.”

By then he wore the expression of a haunted man. He could be seen in the streets of Washington — stooped, his shirttail flapping in the wind — walking to and from his office a few blocks from the White House, wearing frayed running shoes and a thousand-yard stare.

He had spent decades thinking through the lessons of the war. The greatest of these was to know one’s enemy — and to “empathize with him,” as Mr. McNamara explained in Errol Morris’s 2003 documentary, “The Fog of War: Eleven Lessons from the Life of Robert S. McNamara.”

“We must try to put ourselves inside their skin and look at us through their eyes,” he said. The American failure in Vietnam, he said, was seeing the enemy through the prism of the cold war, as a domino that would topple the nations of Asia if it fell.

In the film, Mr. McNamara described the American firebombing of Japan’s cities in World War II. He had played a supporting role in those attacks, running statistical analysis for Gen. Curtis E. LeMay of the Army’s Air Forces.

“We burned to death 100,000 Japanese civilians in Tokyo — men, women and children,” Mr. McNamara recalled; some 900,000 Japanese civilians died in all. “LeMay said, ‘If we’d lost the war, we’d all have been prosecuted as war criminals.’ And I think he’s right. He — and I’d say I — were behaving as war criminals.”

“What makes it immoral if you lose and not immoral if you win?” he asked. He found the question impossible to answer.

The Wrong Kind of Loyalty — McNamara’s Apology for Vietnam | FOREIGN AFFAIRS | MAY/JUN 1995

As much as any other individual, Secretary of Defense Robert S. McNamara personified the American commitment in Vietnam. He was “the can-do man in the can-do society in the can-do era,” David Halberstam wrote in The Best and the Brightest, and during the Kennedy and early Johnson years, he managed America’s expanding involvement almost as if he were a desk officer. Whether slogging through Vietnam in army fatigues, spewing out statistics to demonstrate progress, or presiding at a press conference, map on the wall, pointer in hand, he epitomized what came to be called “McNamara’s war.” Whatever the difficulties of the moment, he exuded a certainty that promised ultimate success.

In fact, as has long been clear, his public confidence far outlasted the emergence of personal skepticism, and McNamara’s tearful departure from the Pentagon at the height of the Tet Offensive in early 1968, as much as Lyndon B. Johnson’s March 31, 1968, speech, marked the inglorious end of an era once bright with promise.

As the war aroused growing controversy in the United States, McNamara became a major target for critics from both left and right. Ignorant of his muted, tightly constrained internal dissent, doves viewed him as the ultimate technocrat, whose blind faith in technology and statistics plunged the nation into a destructive quagmire. Hawks, on the other hand, denounced with growing venom his interference with the military and his refusal to give it the freedom and tools to win an eminently winnable war.

For McNamara, Vietnam became a source of great personal torment. He left office quietly in 1968, declining out of a sense of loyalty to his president to air publicly his grave doubts. From that day forward, he refused to speak of Vietnam, even when he resurfaced in the 1980s during the debate over nuclear responsibility. He broke his vow of silence only briefly, at the time of the Westmoreland-CBS trial and on the eve of the Persian Gulf War.

His completion of the book he “never planned to write”

Barbara McNamara

SDL Government Appoints Vice Admiral Thomas R. Wilson, John Gannon, Barbara McNamara and Daniel Marcu to Board of Directors | MARKETWIRED | JAN 29, 2014

Former DIA, CIA, NSA Leaders and Prominent Statistical Machine Translation Scientist Join Board of Directors of SDL Government

HERNDON, VA–(Marketwired – Jan 29, 2014) – SDL Government, the leader in secure on-premise Big Language™solutions, today announced the appointments of several new members to its Board of Directors. The new Board — comprised of government, business and science leaders from the Department of Defense, National Security and language translation industries — will help guide SDL Government as it innovates new solutions to the Big Language challenges facing government agencies today.

“We are extremely pleased to welcome Vice Admiral (ret.) Thomas Wilson, Dr. John Gannon, Ms. Barbara McNamara and Dr. Daniel Marcu to SDL Government’s Board of Directors,” said Melchior Baltazar, SDL Government’s Chairman of the Board and CEO. “VADM Wilson, Dr. Gannon and Ms. McNamara have provided exceptional service to the United States of America, and possess a detailed understanding of the policy drivers in the Department of Defense and National Security space. Their involvement will help SDL Government apply its proven commercial translation solutions to the needs of government agencies. Dr. Marcu’s scientific accomplishments as one of the founders of modern statistical machine translation are well known, and he continues to be a thought leader in this space.”

Vice Admiral Thomas R. Wilson served for nearly 34 years in the U.S. Navy, with his last position as Director, Defense Intelligence Agency (DIA), a combat support agency with some 9,000 military and civilian personnel stationed worldwide. In that position, he served concurrently as Manager of the General Defense Intelligence Program, overseeing the planning, programming and budgeting functions for military service and combatant command intelligence centers and staffs. He also served as Director of Intelligence, U.S. Atlantic Command; Vice Director for Intelligence, the Joint Staff; Associate Director of Central Intelligence for Military Support; and Director for Intelligence, the Joint Staff. Among his many awards, Admiral Wilson received the National Intelligence Distinguished Service Medal and the Defense Distinguished Service Medal and Navy Distinguished Service Medal. After retiring from the US Navy, VADM Wilson worked with Alliant Techsystems, Inc., eventually serving as President of the ATK Precision Systems Group.

“The need has never been greater for government agencies to capture and make sense of massive volumes of Big Data,” said Vice Admiral Thomas R. Wilson. “I am excited to find in SDL Government an organization that understands the mission, and has the knowledge to transform Big Data and Big Language into meaningful insights for our intelligence agencies.”

Dr. John Gannon has served in the most senior analytical positions at the Central Intelligence Agency (CIA) and in the Intelligence Community, including Deputy Director for Intelligence at the CIA, Chairman of the National Intelligence Council and the first Assistant Director of Central Intelligence for Analysis and Production. He headed the White House team on Intelligence for the Transition Planning Office for the Department of Homeland Security, and was the first Staff Director of the House of Representatives Committee on Homeland Security. After leaving government service in 2005, he established the Global Analysis business area at BAE Systems, Inc., where he eventually became the first President of the nearly $2 billion Intelligence and Security Sector. Dr. Gannon’s awards and medals include the CIA’s Distinguished Intelligence Medal and the Distinguished Career Intelligence Medal. President George W. Bush awarded him the National Security Medal, the nation’s highest intelligence award. He is a founding member of the Bipartisan Policy Center’s National Security Preparedness Group. He serves on the Board of Engineering and Physical Sciences of the National Academies of Science and is a member of the Council on Foreign Relations.

Barbara McNamara reached the highest civilian position at the National Security Agency (NSA) when she was named Agency’s Deputy Director, becoming the second woman to attain this position. Beginning her 40-year career at the NSA as a Chinese linguist, Ms. McNamara held a variety of management and leadership positions, culminating with her appointment as Deputy Director. Ms. McNamara brings in-depth technical knowledge to the issues of intelligence analysis. She has overseen the entire intelligence production process from acquiring original source material, through the technical processing of the data, to the production of material that personnel provide to Agency customers. She has received several prestigious awards, including the Intelligence Community’s highest award, the National Intelligence Distinguished Service Medal. Since retiring from government service, Ms. McNamara has served on a number of Corporate Boards, including CACI, Detica (acquired by BAE Systems), MorphoTrust and SignalScape.

Daniel Marcu, Ph.D. is the Chief Science Officer of SDL plc and has more than 30 patents awarded or pending in the field of Natural Language Processing. He authored an MIT Press book, The Theory and Practice of Discourse Parsing and Summarization, and more than 100 articles in peer-reviewed journals and conferences. His most influential publications address machine translation, discourse parsing, natural language generation, and text summarization, receiving best paper awards for his work on Statistical Machine Translation and Summarization at ACL and AAAI. He has acted as Principal or Co-Principal Investigator for more than 30 research projects sponsored by the US and EU government agencies. In 2002, Daniel Marcu co-founded Language Weaver. In 2013, he was nominated by the European Patent Office for the European Inventor Award and was named by the Golden Bridge Awards as the R&D Professional of the Year.

“SDL Government has already proven their value by bringing to Government the market leading technology and solutions for on-premise secure language solutions,” said Daniel Marcu. “I look forward to collaborating with SDLGov’s management team as they introduce more innovations to help government agencies with their translation requirements.”

For more information on SDL Government, please visit

About SDL Government
Based in Herndon, VA, SDL Government (SDLGov) is a technology and services company that provides language translation and strategic communications solutions that are deployed by government organizations worldwide. Our flagship offering, the Government Language Platform (GLP), provides a comprehensive language translation solution that combines translation memory, terminology, workflow, productivity and statistical machine translation technologies. SDLGov software solutions are designed to stand-alone, or to easily integrate with existing applications through SOAP and REST APIs, allowing organizations to add multilingual capabilities to the processes and operations they already have in place. SDLGov language solutions are easily adaptable for specific domains and custom applications, providing a universal architecture that can rapidly deliver linguistic technology tailored to a specific deployment scenario. For more information, visit


Matt McNamara

Matt is responsible for deal flow management and evaluation, leading all investment recommendations and due diligence. He has over 25 years experience in the healthcare & medical sciences sector. After initially being a Molecular Biology Research Assistant, Matt spent 11 years in Sales & Marketing, and General Management with Merck & Co. and Johnson and Johnson Medical Pty Ltd respectively. He has served as SVP Business Development for eBioinformatics Inc and was CEO of a Life Sciences Venture Capital fund, SciCapital Pty Ltd.

Matt founded BioBridge Australia, a biotechnology commercialisation Advisory company, in 2004 and advised a number of private and public biotechnology/investment companies. Matt joined BioScience Managers in 2005 and has been Chief Investment Officer since 2008.

Matt is currently a Director of:

BioScience Managers Ltd

Avita Medical Ltd (ASX.AVH)

Sea Dragon Ltd (NZX.SEA)

SciCapital Pty Ltd

Rex Bionics Limited (NZ)

Saluda Medical Pty Ltd


Matthew McNamara is affiliated with BioScience Managers Pty Ltd, Octa Phillip Bioscience Advisory Pty Ltd., BioBridge Australia, SciCapital Pty Ltd., The University of Sydney, Ebioinformatics, Inc., Merck & Co., Inc., Johnson & Johnson Pacific Pty Ltd., SeaDragon Ltd., SciCapital Pty Ltd., Saluda Medical Pty Ltd., BioScience Managers Pty Ltd, Sea Dragon Holding Ltd., Avita Medical

SeaDragon Ltd. Member, Board of Directors | 2012 – Current
SeaDragon Ltd. engages in the manufacture of refined fish oils. It focuses in manufacturing and development of fish oils and oil fractions that meet the growing health needs of the population. The company was founded on July 31, 1986 and is headquartered in Nelson, New Zealand.

SciCapital Pty Ltd. | Director | 2008 – Current

Saluda Medical Pty Ltd. | Director | Current

Saluda Medical Pty Ltd. develops and commercializes neuromodulation technology for chronic pain management. Its services include pain management and clinical services. The company was founded by John Parker in 2013 and is headquartered in Artarmon, Australia.

BioScience Managers Pty Ltd | Member, Board of Directors | Current
Part of International Bioscience Managers Ltd., Bioscience Managers Pty Ltd. is an Australian company located in MELBOURNE that acts as an alternative investment manager. It was founded in 2003.

Sea Dragon Holding Ltd. | Member, Board of Directors | Current

Sea Dragon Holding Ltd., a subsidiary of SDX Energy, Inc., is a Canadian company. The firm engages in the exploration and development of oil and gas properties.

Avita Medical Ltd. | Independent Non-Executive Director | 2012 – 2016
Avita Medical Ltd. engages in the development and distribution of regenerative and respiratory medicine. It has a clinical pipeline of products and an established platform capable of delivering further regenerative medicine products. The company was founded on December 21, 1992 and is headquartered in Royston, the United Kingdom.

Adherium (NZ) Ltd. | Non-Executive Director (former)
Adherium (NZ) Ltd. develops digital health technologies that address sub-optimal medication use in chronic disease. The firm delivers OEM products, software and services via development, regulatory, licensing, supply and support agreements. Its solutions help healthcare professionals and patients monitor and increase adherence to prescribed therapies. The company was founded by Sutherland Garth Campbell in 2001 and is headquartered in Auckland, New Zealand.

Nancy McNamara

What is the FBI Hiding About Hillary Clinton? | POLITICAL FORUM | JUL 15, 2016

Nancy Cavallero McNamara Personal Achievement Award
Nancy Cavallero McNamara is among the highest-ranking women in the Washington, D.C., headquarters of the Federal Bureau of Investigation (FBI). She is the assistant director of inspection and is one of 12 members of the Director’s Cabinet. Nancy became an FBI special agent in 1996 and was assigned to the New York division to investigate public corruption. She was subsequently named supervisory special agent for the applicant program and the public corruption/government fraud squad in the white-collar crime program. Nancy went on to serve in roles at the Bureau’s divisions in Los Angeles and Milwaukee before returning to Washington, D.C, in 2011.

Nancy is the former president of PC’s Fairfield County Alumni Network Club. She is a frequent alumni event attendee and has volunteered as a Career Night participant and a career mentor for the Office of Career Education.

Google Search: Fairfield County Alumni Network Club McNamara | GOOGLE | MAY 6, 2017


Providence College Celebrating Donors and Volunteers Class of 2005 | PROVIDENCE | MAY 6, 2017



National Alumni Association 2014 Award Recipients | PROVIDENCE COLLEGE | MAY 30, 2014

Nancy Cavallero McNamara ’84 – Personal Achievement Award
Nancy Cavallero McNamara is among the highest-ranking women in the Washington, D.C., headquarters of the Federal Bureau of Investigation (FBI). She is the assistant director of inspection and is one of 12 members of the Director’s Cabinet. Nancy became an FBI special agent in 1996 and was assigned to the New York division to investigate public corruption. She was subsequently named supervisory special agent for the applicant program and the public corruption/government fraud squad in the white-collar crime program. Nancy went on to serve in roles at the Bureau’s divisions in Los Angeles and Milwaukee before returning to Washington, D.C, in 2011.

Nancy is the former president of PC’s Fairfield County Alumni Network Club. She is a frequent alumni event attendee and has volunteered as a Career Night participant and a career mentor for the Office of Career Education.

She resides in Washington, D.C.

Progress The Michael J. Fox Foundation for Parkinson s Research | DOCPLAYER | 2013

Thomas E. “Ted” McNamara | WIKIPEDIA | ARCHIVED MAY 6, 2017


Thomas E. McNamara was born in New Haven, Connecticut in 1940. He was educated at Manhattan College, graduating with a B.A. in 1962. He then attended the University of Notre Dame, receiving an M.A.

In 1965, McNamara joined the United States Foreign Service. As a diplomat, he was at various times stationed in Paris, Lubumbashi, Bukavu, Moscow, and Bogota. In the 1970s, he was active in the negotiation of several major arms control agreements, serving in the Arms Control and Disarmament Agency in 1974 and 1975. From 1980 to 1983, he was Deputy Chief of Mission at the United States Embassy to Zaire (now the Democratic Republic of the Congo) in Kinshasa.

From 1983 to 1986, McNamara was a Deputy Director of the Bureau of Politico-Military Affairs.

In 1986, President of the United StatesRonald Reagan appointed McNamara to the United States National Security Council as Director of Counterterrorism and Counternarcotics. President Reagan nominated McNamara as United States Ambassador to Colombia in 1988. He held this post until 1991, at which time President George H. W. Bush appointed him as Special Assistant to the President for National Security Affairs and Senior Director for International Programs and African Affairs on the staff of the National Security Council. He served as Acting Coordinator for Counterterrorism 1992-1993.

McNamara became Principal Deputy Assistant Secretary of State for Political-Military Affairs in July 1993, and then, following nomination by President Bill Clinton and Senate confirmation, became Assistant Secretary of State for Political-Military Affairs on October 12, 1994. He held this office until January 9, 1998. He also served in 1997 and 1998 as Special Negotiator for Panama Canal Reversion.

McNamara retired from government service in 1998, becoming President and CEO of the Americas Society and the Council of the Americas in New York City.

Following the September 11 attacks, McNamara, as an expert in counter-terrorism, returned to government service as Senior Advisor for Counter Terrorism and Homeland Security to the Secretary of State until July 2004.

Following passage of the Intelligence Reform and Terrorism Prevention Act of 2004, President George W. Bush on March 15, 2006 appointed McNamara Program Manager for the Information Sharing Environment reporting through the Director of National Intelligence to the President and the Congress. He is the third recipient of the National Intelligence Distinguished Public Service Medal.


Congress is briefed on radical Islamists in Northern Caucasus | BOSTON GLOBE | APR 27, 2013

WASHINGTON — Terrorist groups in the Northern Caucasus pose little immediate threat to the United States, harboring most of their ill will for Russia.

But some Islamist radicals there — especially in the province of Dagestan, where one of the Boston Marathon bombing suspects, Tamerlan Tsarnaev, spent half of last year — may be indoctrinating followers to take up a global struggle against the West, specialists told a congressional panel on Friday.

The testimony before a subcommittee of the House Foreign Affairs Committee, the first since the deadly April 15 attacks, touched on the potential for attacks by militants drawn to the United States from the wider Islamic world, not just Pakistan, Afghanistan, or the Middle East.

“The Chechens are generally not preoccupied with the United States,” said Craig Douglas Alpert, a professor at Georgia Regents University who studies the majority Muslim region of Chechnya, which neighbors Dagestan and has been the focus of Moscow’s relentless campaign against militant groups seeking independence. “However, one has to consider if the Chechens do become more involved with the larger global jihadi network, whether they may consider attacking the US homeland.”

Ted McNamara (Jr?)

FBI gives Chicago student a peek at his potential | CHICAGO TRIBUNE | OCT 4, 2012

Catholic school teen tours headquarters after professing desire to join bureau

Jeremy Clark is a serious young man from a serious neighborhood: Roseland on the South Side, the kind of place most of you see only from a distance, in a crime story.

Blue cop lights flashing, yellow police tape on the trees, angry neighbors mingling, reporters asking about the dead.

Jeremy, 16, has friends who’ve turned to the gang life. But his grandmother wanted him on a different path, so she sent him to Leo High School, a Roman Catholic school on 79th Street where all the boys graduate and all are accepted into college.

That’s where I met him a few weeks ago, while reporting a column about schools that weren’t on strike in Chicago. The boys I interviewed talked about becoming doctors, biologists, architects, veterinarians, engineers, teachers. One told me about his dream.

“I want to study criminal justice and join the FBI,” said Jeremy, a junior, “because I want to be an advocate for justice. It’s been a dream all my life to join the FBI, and I will.”

There were many letters and notes about that column from readers. But there was one in particular, from the FBI. Special Agent Ted McNamara, who runs the organized crime squad. He read about Jeremy’s dream, as did other FBI agents. And they did something about it.

They invited Jeremy and a couple of his classmates — and Dan McGrath, the president of Leo, my friend and a former Tribune sports editor — on a tour of the FBI headquarters on Roosevelt Road.

Jeremy wanted to go into law enforcement since he was a little boy, devouring TV shows like “Cops,” “Law & Order,” “Criminal Minds” and “CSI.” When he heard about McNamara’s invitation, he thought at first someone was playing a practical joke.

“But it turned out to be real,” he said, adding that he’d never met an agent in person before. “It was a dream come true to go on a tour and meet an agent in real life. …I could see myself walking with a badge through the hallway. It showed me where I could be in 10 or 15 years.”

The students dusted for fingerprints and toured the gun vault, with the agents showing them guns recovered from the Chicago gang wars of past and present. The students put on SWAT equipment and studied models of crime scenes. They toured a library of closed files — all the paperwork from closed cases — including one case that rocked Chicago’s criminal and political worlds in recent years: the Family Secrets case, the case that sent mob bosses and hit men to prison for life.

There was something else. The diversity. It wasn’t all white guys in wing-tips.

“They saw a really diverse group working there, a lot of women,” said McGrath. “I thought it was representative of the United States. These were real people.”

The Chicago FBI headquarters, only a few years old, rises above the old West Side, gleaming high-tech, glass and stone, lording over a tired part of town. There is nothing showbiz or Hollywood about it. And there is nothing glitzy about professionals like McNamara, whose methodical ways and attention to detail — not TV flash and dash — terrify the Chicago Outfit bosses and other gangsters.

McNamara and Joan Hyde, who had specialized in Chicago corruption and is now a spokeswoman for the bureau, gave the boys booklets on the FBI. They also gave them an 11-page questionnaire applicants must complete. The questions involve financial history, criminal history, foreign travel, immigration status of relatives, even background of a spouse.

“If that’s what he wants to do, it’s doable,” McNamara said. “A lot of people want to do it, but they don’t always know what it entails.”

He didn’t sugarcoat it. He didn’t talk down to them. He told them that it takes hard work, absolute focus, a four-year college education, often in a specialized area, from accounting to languages, science and so on. And for young people like Jeremy — or for others from wealthy suburbs — it takes the guts not to let friends or people you think are your friends lead you wrong.

“A lot of people who want to be agents have barriers because of credit problems,” McNamara told the boys. “And some people have problems because of drugs. Everyone that comes in takes a polygraph. You can’t stumble through the answers.”

The FBI doesn’t take applicants straight out of college. The bureau wants applicants to begin a career elsewhere first. Agents say most recruits start later in life, in their late 20s or early 30s. Some are former military personnel, but others come from job paths like teaching or accounting. Foreign language skills are needed and prized.

The visitors went into the gun vault through a heavy door that could secure a safe in a bank. Inside were old weapons and new. Special Agent Mark Quinn asked the boys if they played “Call of Duty,” the video game played by boys around the world.

“Oh, yeah!” they said, excited.

It was just after 1 p.m. On any other day, they would have been in English class.

Jeremy doesn’t want to spend his life behind a desk. He wants to travel to other countries and stay active. He promises to work hard to get there.

“It was like putting a piece of cheese out in front of a mouse to make it run,” said Jeremy. “It put a drop of water on my tongue.”

The Chicago Mafia | FBI | JUN 27, 2011

A Roman Catholic priest and former prison chaplain who ministered to Chicago mob boss Frank Calabrese, Sr., was indicted earlier this month for illegally passing jailhouse messages from Calabrese and plotting with his associates on the outside—a sobering reminder of how deeply organized crime can reach into the community, even from behind bars.

“Members of the mob will go to almost any lengths to carry out their criminal activity,” said Special Agent Ted McNamara, a veteran investigator who supervises the La Cosa Nostra (LCN) organized crime squad in our Chicago Field Office.

Calabrese, Sr., was sentenced to life in prison in 2009 for his role in 18 gangland slayings in the Chicago area dating back to 1970. His arrest—along with 13 others—was part of one of the most successful organized crime cases in FBI history, an eight-year investigation called Operation Family Secrets.

Because of the Family Secrets case—in which Calabrese’s son testified against him—“the Chicago mob does not have the power and influence it once had,” McNamara said. “But the mob still operates, and its members still represent a potentially serious criminal threat.”

Unlike New York’s infamous Five Families, the Chicago mob consists of only one family, often referred to as the “Outfit.” It is organized under a variety of crews that engage in various criminal activities. A portion of the crews’ illegal gains goes to the Outfit’s top bosses.

“New York gets most of the attention regarding LCN,” McNamara said, “but historically, going back to the days of Al Capone, Chicago LCN has always been a player, particularly in places like Las Vegas.”

Unlike their New York counterparts, the Outfit has traditionally stayed away from drug trafficking, preferring instead crimes such as loan-sharking and online gambling operations and capitalizing on other profitable vices. One of the reasons it is so difficult to completely stamp out mob activity, McNamara said, is that over time the crews have insinuated themselves into unions and legitimate businesses.

“Typically they get into running restaurants and other legal businesses that they can use to hide money gained from their illicit activities,” McNamara explained. “Over the years the Outfit has learned that killing people brings too much heat from law enforcement. Today they might not even beat up a businessman who doesn’t pay back a debt,” he added. Instead, they take a piece of his business, and then, over time, exercise more and more control over the company.

The Family Secrets case, which began in 1999 and resulted in the indictment of 14 subjects in 2005 for racketeering and murder, dealt a crushing blow to the Chicago mob. “Our goal now,” McNamara said, “is to keep them from gaining strength again. We’ve got them down, and we’ve got to keep them down.”

He noted that some of the mobsters currently in jail as a result of numerous prosecutions will be getting out in the next few years, and they will be under pressure to start making money again for the Outfit’s top bosses.

“As long as there is money to be made from criminal activity,” McNamara said, “these guys will never stop. So we need to continue to be vigilant and take the long view. The work we do on the LCN squad requires a lot of patience.”

Francis McNamara

Red Channels | WIKIPEDIA | JAN 23, 2017

Red Channels: The Report of Communist Influence in Radio and Television was an anti-Communist tract published in the United States at the start of the Red Scare. Issued by the right-wing journal Counterattack on June 22, 1950, the pamphlet-style book names 151 actors, writers, musicians, broadcast journalists, and others in the context of purported Communist manipulation of the entertainment industry. Some of the 151 were already being denied employment because of their political beliefs, history, or association with suspected subversives. Red Channels effectively placed the rest on the industry blacklist.

In May 1947, Alfred Kohlberg, an American textile importer and an ardent member of the anti-Communist China Lobby, funded an organization, led by three former FBI agents, called American Business Consultants Inc., which issued a newsletter, Counterattack.[1] Kohlberg was also an original national council member of the John Birch Society. [2]Red Channels declared purpose was to “expos[e] the most important aspects of Communist activity in America each week”.[3] A special report, Red Channels: the Report of Communist Influence in Radio and Television, was published by Counterattack in June 1950.

The three founder members were: John G. Keenan, company president and the businessman of the trio; Kenneth M. Bierly, who would later become a consultant to Columbia Pictures; and Theodore C. Kirkpatrick, the managing editor of Counterattack and the group’s spokesman. A former Army intelligence major, Francis J. McNamara, was the editor of Counterattack. The introduction to Red Channels, running just over six pages, was written by Vincent Hartnett, an employee of the Phillips H. Lord agency, an independent radio-program production house, or “packager”. Hartnett would later found the anti-Communist organization AWARE, Inc.[4] The 213-page tract, released three years after the House Un-American Activities Committee began investigating purported Communist Party influence in the entertainment field, claims to expose the spread – by means of advocacy of civil rights, academic freedom, and nuclear weapons control – of that influence, in radio and television entertainment. Referring to current television programming, the Red Channels introduction declares that

“[S]everal commercially sponsored dramatic series are used as sounding boards, particularly with reference to current issues in which the Party is critically interested: “academic freedom”, “civil rights”, “peace”, the H-bomb, etc…. With radios in most American homes and with approximately 5 million TV sets in use, the Cominform and the Communist Party USA now rely more on radio and TV than on the press and motion pictures as “belts” to transmit pro-Sovietism to the American public.”[5]

The introduction to Red Channels described how the Communist Party attracts both financial and political backing from those in the entertainment industry:

No cause which seems calculated to arouse support among people in show business is ignored: the overthrow of the Franco dictatorship, the fight against anti-Semitism and Jimcrow, civil rights, world peace, the outlawing of the H-Bomb, are all used. Around such pretended objectives, the hard core of Party organizers gather a swarm of “reliables” and well-intentioned “liberals”, to exploit their names and their energies.[6]

Red Channels served as a vehicle for the expansion of the entertainment industry blacklist that denied employment to a host of artists it considered sympathetic to “subversive” causes, attempted to forestall criticism by claiming that the Communist Party itself engaged in blacklisting, seeing to it that “articulate anti-Communists are blacklisted and smeared with that venomous intensity which is characteristic of Red Fascists alone.”[7]