Child sexual abuse by UN peacekeepers

Child sexual abuse by UN peacekeepers

An Associated Press investigation revealed in 2017 that more than 100 UN peacekeepers ran a child sex ring in Haiti over a 10 year period and none were ever jailed. The report further found that over the past 12 years there have been almost 2,000 allegations of sexual abuse and exploitation by peacekeepers and other U.N. personnel around the world. A.P. found the abuse is much greater than previously known. After the A.P. report, U.S. Ambassador to the U.N., Nikki Haley, urged all countries to hold U.N. peacekeeping soldiers accountable for any sexual abuse and exploitation. As early as 2004, Amnesty International reported that under-age girls were being kidnapped, tortured and forced into prostitution in Kosovo with U.N. and NATO personnel being the customers driving the demand for the sex slaves. The U.N.'s department of peacekeeping in New York acknowledged at that time that "peacekeepers have come to be seen as part of the problem in trafficking rather than the solution".[1][2][3]

Rapid increase in prostitution[edit]

Reporters witnessed a rapid increase in prostitution in Cambodia, Mozambique, Bosnia, and Kosovo after UN and, in the case of the latter two, NATO peacekeeping forces moved in. Instances of abuse in Cambodia caused widespread outrage after many of the abused women and girls also ended up contracting HIV/AIDS and other diseases that were not prevalent among the local population.[4] A Kosovo victims support group reported that of the local prostitutes, a third were under 14, and 80% were under 18. Amnesty said the victims were routinely raped "as a means of control and coercion" and kept in terrible conditions as slaves by their "owners"; sometimes kept in darkened rooms unable to go out. In Haiti, the Sri Lankan peacekeepers wanted girls and boys as young as 12 for sex. "I did not even have breasts," said Victim No. 1, a girl. She reported to UN investigators that from ages 12 to 15 she had sex with over 40 peacekeepers, including someone called "Commandant" who paid her 75 cents. She stated that she slept in UN trucks on the UN base. In Haiti, 134 peacekeepers from Sri Lanka operated the child sex ring, luring children with candy and cash, according to the AP. After a U.N. report incriminated the peacekeepers, most were sent back to Sri Lanka, but none served any jail time.[2][5][6][1][7]

Canadian government analysis[edit]

Internal Canadian government documents reports dated 2016 suggest that The United Nations has "glaring gaps" in its procedures for tracking and prosecuting peacekeepers accused of exploitation and sexual abuse, and that only a small fraction of cases may be reported. The Toronto Star obtained the memo which reads in part: "Events in (the Central African Republic) and the data coming out of the (Secretary General’s 2016) annual report point to a system that is lacking in efficiency, transparency and coherency." The memo goes on to say: "Part of the answer to these deficiencies lies in establishing enduring, system-wide structures but the nature of UN governance makes this a challenging endeavor. In addition, as we continue to unpack how member states themselves can better approach this issue from pre-deployment training to punishing perpetrators to victims’ assistance, there must also be a greater willingness by individual countries to examine and address internal shortfalls." In 2016 a UN report named 21 countries that had 69 credible reports of incidents in 2015. It documented 69 allegations in 2015 alone. One briefing note obtained by the Star pointed to "unique, structural factors within the UN system" complicated goals of greater transparency and enforcement. "Although military personnel are covered by military codes of conduct and justice systems, UN police and civilian staff accused of SEA in the field may face only minor disciplinary measures, such as repatriation and being barred from future deployments," the unclassified document reads.[8]

1996 UN study[edit]

In the 1996 UN study The Impact of Armed Conflict on Children, former first lady of Mozambique Graça Machel documented: "In 6 out of 12 country studies on sexual exploitation of children in situations of armed conflict prepared for the present report, the arrival of peacekeeping troops has been associated with a rapid rise in child prostitution."[6]

Eight years later, Gita Sahgal spoke out with regard to the fact that prostitution and sex abuse crops up wherever humanitarian intervention efforts are set up. She observed: "The issue with the UN is that peacekeeping operations unfortunately seem to be doing the same thing that other militaries do. Even the guardians have to be guarded."[9] (See: "Quis custodiet ipsos custodes?".)

Involvement in brothels[edit]

There was one highly publicised case where members of the UN peacekeeping force were accused of direct involvement in the procurement of sex slaves for a local brothel in Bosnia.[10] The use of agents for procurement and management of brothels has allowed the military to believe itself shielded from the issue of sexual slavery and human trafficking.[citation needed] Some NATO troops and private contractors of the firm DynCorp have been linked to prostitution and forced prostitution in Bosnia and Kosovo, as have some UN employees in the Democratic Republic of the Congo, where they were accused of the sexual abuse of girls.[11][12]

In 2010, a film, The Whistleblower, directed by Larysa Kondracki, aired on the affair, based on Nebraskan police officer Kathryn Bolkovac[13], who served as a peacekeeper in post-war Bosnia and outed the U.N. for covering up the sex scandal. The film featured Rachel Weisz, Monica Bellucci, Vanessa Redgrave, and many others. It won numerous prizes and awards and keeps climbing in popularity.[14].

Actions of a few[edit]

Proponents of peacekeeping argue that the actions of a few should not incriminate the many participants in the mission, yet NATO and the UN have come under criticism for not taking the issue of forced prostitution linked to peacekeeping missions seriously enough.[2][15]

Troops in Haiti, Sudan and Central African Republic[edit]

Most recently, UN troops in Haiti and Sudan have been accused of sexual abuse of children.[16] In 2015, a UN report interviewed over 200 Haitian women—a third of whom were minors—who told they were forced to have sex with UN soldiers in exchange of material aid.[17] In Central African Republic at least 98 girls said they had been sexually abused by international peacekeepers.[18]

UN identified 41 troops from Burundi and Gabon accused of sexual abuse and exploitation in Central African Republic in 2014 and 2015. The identified troops have now left the country.[19]

References[edit]

  1. ^ Jump up to: a b Dodds, Paisley (12 April 2017). "More than 100 UN peacekeepers ran a child sex ring in Haiti. None were ever jailed". thestar.com. Retrieved 14 April 2017. 
  2. ^ Jump up to: a b c Traynor, Ian (7 May 2004). "Nato force 'feeds Kosovo sex trade'". The Guardian. London. Retrieved 1 September 2012. 
  3. Jump up ^ "U.S: U.N. Peacekeepers must be punished for sexual abuse". time.com. 13 April 2017. Retrieved 15 April 2017. 
  4. Jump up ^ Naraghi, Sanam (June 2017). "UN Peacekeepers' Sexual Assault Problem". Foreign Affairs.  – via Foreign Affairs (subscription required)
  5. Jump up ^ "Document - Kosovo (Serbia and Montenegro): "So does it mean that we have the rights?" Protecting the human rights of women and girls trafficked for forced prostitution in Kosovo". Amnesty.org. Retrieved 1 September 2012. 
  6. ^ Jump up to: a b United Nations (26 August 1996). "The Impact of Armed Conflict on Children" (PDF). www.unicef.org. Retrieved 16 April 2017. 
  7. Jump up ^ Allen-Ebrahimian, Bethany (14 April 2017). "U.N. Peacekeepers Ran a Child Sex Ring in Haiti". foreignpolicy.com. Foreign Policy. Retrieved 16 April 2017. 
  8. Jump up ^ Boutilier, Alex (14 January 2017). "UN peacekeeping has 'glaring' accountability gaps, documents show". Toronto Star. Retrieved 16 April 2017. 
  9. Jump up ^ Jordan, Michael J. (26 November 2004). "Sex charges haunt UN forces; In places like Congo and Kosovo, peacekeepers have been accused of abusing the people they're protecting". Christian Science Monitor. Retrieved 15 April 2017. 
  10. Jump up ^ Vulliamy, Ed (15 January 2012). "Has the UN learned lessons of Bosnian sex slavery revealed in Rachel Weisz film?". The Observer. Retrieved 8 February 2014. 
  11. Jump up ^ Price, Susannah (8 January 2005). "DR Congo sex abuse claims upheld". BBC News. Retrieved 1 September 2012. 
  12. Jump up ^ Loconte, Joseph (3 January 2005). "The U.N. Sex Scandal". The Weekly Standard. Retrieved 1 September 2012. 
  13. Jump up ^ http://www.bolkovac.com/
  14. Jump up ^ http://www.imdb.com/title/tt0896872/
  15. Jump up ^ Ahmetasevic, Nidzara (6 September 2005). "Bosnia: Sex Slave Recounts Her Ordeal". Institute for War and Peace Reporting. Retrieved 15 April 2017. 
  16. Jump up ^ Williams, Mike (30 November 2006). "Fears over Haiti child 'abuse'". BBC News. Retrieved 9 July 2015. 
  17. Jump up ^ Yigal Palmornews (10 June 2015), UN peacekeepers sexually abused hundreds of Haitian women & girls – report, RT (TV network) 
  18. Jump up ^ Oakford, Samuel (31 March 2016). "French Peacekeepers Allegedly Tied Up Girls and Forced Them Into Bestiality". VICE News. Retrieved 15 April 2017. 
  19. Jump up ^ Nichols, Michelle (5 December 2016). "U.N. identifies 41 Burundi, Gabon troops accused of abuse in Central Africa". Reuters. Retrieved 15 April 2017. 
Posted in CIA, Corruption, Deep State, Human Trafficking, NGO, United Nations.

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